It was in Paris in the first decade of the twentieth century that van Dongen developed his characteristic style. His vivid color contrasts, heavy brushwork, and simplified forms identified his work as Fauvist. His professional associations also allied him with the artistic avant-garde; dealer Félix Fénéon promoted his work, and van Dongen also exhibited with Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. The Parisian demi-monde and its cafés, dance halls, and prostitutes were regular subjects for the artist. These scenes often depicted women in overtly sexual poses.